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学术写作中的“名词"运用有技巧

发布人:伦敦眼 发布时间:2018-01-26 18:28:33  该文章访问量:1212

要有效地读和写学术论文,学生需要对学术词汇进行熟悉和广泛应用。

阅读学术文献所需要的词汇量和复杂性常常让国际学生感到担忧。但值得记住的是,大部分词汇都是特定于你的主题领域的,例如句子:

The effectiveness of this malaria vaccine has been a subject of controversy.

“疟疾疫苗”将由医学院学生理解,而“有效性”和“争议”则是所有学生都需要理解的一般学术词汇。接下来的重点是大多数学科常见的通用词汇。

Nouns

要有效地读和写学术论文,学生需要对学术词汇进行熟悉和广泛应用。

阅读学术文献所需要的词汇量和复杂性常常让国际学生感到担忧。但值得记住的是,大部分词汇都是特定于你的主题领域的,例如句子:

The effectiveness of this malaria vaccine has been a subject of controversy.

“疟疾疫苗”将由医学院学生理解,而“有效性”和“争议”则是所有学生都需要理解的一般学术词汇。接下来的重点是大多数学科常见的通用词汇。

Nouns

学习下列常用名词的列表。

accuracy        Repeating the experiment will improve the accuracy of the results.

analysis        His analysis of the alloy showed a high percentage of copper.

approach        Professor Han has brought a new approach to the study of genetics.

assessment      She failed the first module assessment but passed the final one.

assumption      He made the assumption that all the students spoke French.

authority       Dr James is our leading authority on maritime law.

category        Her work established two categories of local governance.

claim           Their claim that the island was first inhabited in 550 BCE is false.

controversy     Climate change is an issue that has caused much controversy.

correlation     They found a correlation between height and health.

deterrent       The harsh climate of the desert acted as a deterrent to exploration.

emphasis        Their teacher put the emphasis on practical research.

evidence        The X-ray provided evidence of his lung infection.

exception       The Tesla is an exception to the idea of slow, small electric cars.

extract         He read a short extract from his paper on Hegel to the class.

ideology        Military power was at the heart of Roman ideology.

implication     The implication of the report is that we need to do more research.

innovation      Steam power was a significant innovation in the eighteenth century.

intuition       Intuition has been described as ‘a gut feeling’.

motivation      Money is often claimed to be the motivation for most workers.

perspective     Sigmund Freud’s work opened a new perspective on human behaviour.

phenomenon      Earthquakes are an unusual phenomenon in Britain.

policy          The university has a zero-tolerance policy on plagiarism.

preference      Her preference was criminal law, but other fields were more profitable.

process         The drug trials involved a three-stage process that took two years.

proposal        The Professor’s proposal for more seminars was rejected.

provision       The library has increased its provision of computer terminals by 100 percent.

sequence        Writing is a sequence of reading, note-taking, planning and drafting.

strategy        Swimming every day was part of his strategy for getting fit.

substitute      To what extent can natural gas be a substitute for oil?

technique       She developed a new technique for collecting the beetles.

validity        Events confirmed the validity of his prediction.

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